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QUARANTINE, ISOLATION AND SOCIAL DISTANCING EXPLAINED

ADAIR COUNTY HEALTH DEPARTMENT

Home Health Agency
In Cooperation with the

MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & SENIOR SERVICES
Phone: (660) 665-8491 1001 S. Jamison
Fax: (660) 627-2913 Kirksville, MO 63501

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE For Information Contact:
March 19, 2020 Jim LeBaron
(660) 665-8491

QUARANTINE, ISOLATION AND SOCIAL DISTANCING EXPLAINED
If you’re following news coverage of the spread of Coronavirus COVID-19, you’re hearing the
terms “quarantine,” “isolation” and “social distancing.” The terms are not interchangeable.
“Quarantine” is the separation of people who have been exposed to the disease from people who
have not been exposed. People in quarantine have not tested positive for the disease or are
awaiting test results.
“Isolation” is the separation of people who are known to have been infected with the disease.
People in isolation have tested positive for the disease. If their symptoms do not require
hospitalization, the current guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) recommend they remain isolated for a minimum of 14 days after which, they must have
two negative test results before they can be released from isolation.
“Social distancing” is the practice of maintaining a greater than usual physical distance from
other people and avoiding direct contact with people or objects in public places during the
outbreak of a contagious disease in order to minimize exposure and reduce the transmission of
infection. In the case of COVID-19, people are advised to maintain a distance of at least six
feet from other people and to disinfect commonly used surfaces, phones, tools, door handles,
etc.
Everyone should at this time be practicing social distancing and avoid going out in public as
much as possible.

Adair County Health Department 3/19/20 Release/2/2/2
If you are experiencing any symptoms of COVID-19, including fever, cough or shortness of
breath, you should stay at home and call your doctor or the Adair County Health Department
immediately. If you experience breathing difficulty, persistent chest pain or pressure, bluish
lips or face, or are not easily awakened, you should call 911 immediately.